Tricuspid regurgitation is heart condition that occurs when the valve between the two right heart chambers doesn’t close properly. This prevents the blood from flowing to other parts of the body and instead causes it to flow back into the right chamber of the heart. Mild conditions may not require treatment, but severe conditions can cause serious symptoms and require treatment.
There are certain factors that can increase a person’s chances of developing tricuspid regurgitation. These things may not cause the condition but can make it more likely or more severe. Some common risk factors include:
Tricuspid regurgitation can be caused by a number of different things. The most common cause is a congenital defect. Enlargement of the lower right heart chamber can also cause this condition. There are certain health conditions that can also lead to the enlargement of the lower right chamber of the heart and cause or aggravate the condition. Those conditions include:
Tricuspid regurgitation may not have any symptoms. Most people do not know they have it and only seek treatment when the condition becomes severe and symptoms do appear. In mild cases, there may be no symptoms at all. The symptoms that are common with the disease are often associated with other illnesses and health problems. The symptoms of the disease include:
Since tricuspid regurgitation often has no symptoms, it can sometimes be hard to diagnose. In many cases, doctors diagnose the disease while doing a routine exam or trying to diagnose a different health problem. If symptoms are present and doctors believe tricuspid regurgitation may be the reason, they will perform several diagnostic tests to confirm it. Some of the most common diagnostic tests used include:
Treatment of the disease of often depends on the cause and severity. Doctors focus on treating the symptoms of the disease and preventing complications. Doctors may also treat underlying causes of the condition to help relieve the symptoms. The most common treatments include:
If treated properly, most people with tricuspid regurgitation are able to live normal lives. People who suffer from severe forms of the disease may face more serious problems and may be in need of more aggressive treatment and surgery. In cases where the cause of the disease is another heart condition, that condition will have to be treated separately before a clear prognosis can be given.
Complications are often related to the underlying cause of the problem and can vary based on the severity of the condition. Doctors work to prevent complications or reduce the risk of them. Some common complications of tricuspid regurgitation include: