Tag: Obstetrics Gynecology

What Is Dysmenorrhea? Dysmenorrhea is the medical term used to refer to the pain associated with menstrual cramps. It’s worth noting, however, that there are two separate types of menstrual pain, although both types are caused by contractions of the…

Endometriosis, or “endo,“ is a condition in which tissue similar to the lining of the uterus grows outside of the uterus. Endo can cause pelvic pain, swelling, and scarring of the pelvic organs. If you’ve been diagnosed with endometriosis, exploring…

There are a lot of changes that you will be experiencing during your menstruation. From the number of your menstrual days, the flow of the blood and pain you feel when your menstruation comes. That is why you have to…

Uterine fibroids are an undeniably common condition in reproductive-aged women. Women who have lived with fibroids know that they can cause a whole host of issues, like heavy menstrual bleeding and pelvic pain. Because most cases of fibroids are diagnosed by…

Sexually transmitted diseases (STD), as the name suggests, refers to an illness that is acquired through sexual contact. These conditions are caused by infection with bacteria, virus or parasites. Often the presence of the infection may be asymptomatic, so it…

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of the internal female reproductive organs, the uterus and ovaries, and surrounding tissue within the abdomen. This frequently occurs secondary to a sexually transmitted infection (STI) of the vagina which has not been…

Trichomoniasis is a fairly common sexually transmitted infection (STI) that commonly presents as a foul smelling vaginal discharge in females. This is caused by the organism, Trichomonas vaginalis and is transmitted by direct sexual contact. The individual carrying the infection…

Perimenopause refers to the normal period surrounding menopause. It is the transition to menopause in a woman. Most women commonly experience perimenopause in their 40s, although some can begin menopausal changes from their 30s as well.  This period is marked…

Miscarriage is the common term used to describe spontaneous abortion of pregnancy. This refers to spontaneous loss of pregnancy prior to 20 weeks from the last menstrual period.  Spontaneous abortion is a common complication of early pregnancy, occurring in 8…

In a normal pregnancy, the ovum (egg) from the mother is fertilized by the sperm from the father to form a zygote in the female fallopian tube (a tube leading from the ovary connecting to the uterus). This zygote divides…