Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness that affects the way people interpret reality. It can cause a person to be paranoid, be delusional, and have extremely disordered thinking. There is no cure for schizophrenia, but there are treatments that can help a person manage it. The sooner a person is diagnosed and begins treatment, the better the long-term outlook.
The cause of schizophrenia is unknown, but it is believed to be caused by genetic and environmental factors. Studies have found that people with this disease have different brain structures and central nervous systems than those who don’t suffer from it. There are also certain risk factors that make a person more likely to have or develop schizophrenia. These factors include:
The symptoms of schizophrenia can vary from person to person. Some people experience a wide range of symptoms, and others only suffer from a few of them. Some people have severe symptoms, and others only have mild ones. The longer a person suffers from schizophrenia without treatment, the worse the symptoms become. Some of the most common symptoms of the disease include:
Schizophrenia can be hard to diagnose, and doctors usually have to rule out other mental illnesses and diseases. They might conduct several tests to do this and confirm the proper diagnoses. These tests include:
Once people are diagnosed with schizophrenia, they must continue treatment throughout their lives. In cases where the symptoms are severe, or patients are a danger to themselves or others, hospitalization may be necessary. Some of the most common treatment options include:
There is no cure for schizophrenia, but it can be managed with medication and treatment. Some people build up a tolerance for medication over time and must switch it every few years. If left untreated, people with schizophrenia can become dangerous to themselves and others. Many attempt suicide or are unable to function as adults.