The hemorrhoids, also known as piles occur due to the inflammation of rectal and anal veins. Piles usually develop due to excessive strain during defecation. However, chronic constipation, pregnancy, anal intercourse, aging, and diarrhea are different other contributory disease conditions. There are two sets of veins involve in blood transportation in the anorectal region. Piles can be external or internal depending upon the site of the affected veins. External piles are easily visible, but internal piles are only felt and visible in an advanced stage. The symptoms of piles include pain, inflammation, anal itching, discomfort, and rectal bleeding. Piles affected individuals often have a low quality of life due to symptomatic severity. The prevalence rate is high in the western population and industrial area. In the United State, almost 10 million people report piles problem per annum. However, worldwide 39-52% of adults are affected with piles.
The conventional treatments for piles can be non-operative medical procedures and office-based surgical interventions. Most of the pile’s affected people do not like to opt the available conventional treatment due to personal, cultural, and socio-economic reasons. It is necessary to mention these treatments may not provide a complete cure, as the scope of relapse is high. But, symptomatic piles affected patients should treat this condition and they always search for natural treatments that can provide symptomatic management and long-term relief.
Nowadays, different natural treatments have become popular to treat piles efficiently. People readily accept these natural treatments to solve their discomfort and get satisfaction from the treatment outcome. Following are some natural treatment measures for piles.
It has been often observed that dietary compromise and poor lifestyle leads to chronic constipation or frequent diarrhea. Both of these conditions trigger or aggravate piles. Medical experts also recommend dietary management by consuming a high fiber diet and a healthy lifestyle along with conventional treatment to prevent and cure piles. Sufficient fluid intake, high fiber diet, and regular exercise are very effective to treat and prevent piles. A meta-analysis report described that fiber supplement relieves piles symptoms and minimize the rectal bleeding risk by almost 50%. Moreover, the clinician also suggest regular exercise, a regular habit to sit in the toilet for sufficient time, avoid straining during defecation, evade to intake medication which causes constipation or diarrhea.
Some homeopathic medicines including sulfur, Nux vomica, Calcarea phosphorica, Natrum muriaticum are used to treat piles. These medications have a specific role to provide specific symptomatic relief. Homeopathic practitioner prescribes these medications after a physical examination and symptomatic discussion of individual patients. Usually, these medication helps to stop rectal bleeding, burning sensation after defecation, anal pain and itching sensation, dry stool etc. A research study revealed that individualized homeopathic treatment for 6 month periods able to provide piles symptoms.
Acupuncture has an anesthetic effect and is effective to alleviate pain for piles. In some cases, conventional practitioner suggests acupuncture in case of post hemorrhoidectomy (surgical intervention to treat piles). Electroacupuncture provides a better outcome than manual acupuncture technique. Electroacupuncture is also safe for a patient having piles symptoms.
Rue Care oil is a herbal treatment applied topically to treat all types of piles. This oil is extracted from Ruta graveolens herb, belongs to Rutaceae. This herbal remedy assists to strengthen weak rectal blood vessels and helps to alleviate varicose veins. It is a popular folk medicine in different countries like India, China, Iran, Mexico, and Lebanon.
The therapeutic value of Sesame oil is very vast. It is a natural anti-inflammatory agent and also has antiviral and antibacterial properties. Sesame oil is extracted from Sesamum indicum seeds, which belongs to the Pedaliaceae family. Sesame oil is a rich source of vitamin E and effective to treat piles. It is quickly absorbed and penetrates to the deeper tissue at a faster rate.
Olive oil is also effective to provide symptomatic relief from piles. Olive oil has potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effect. Olive oil is extracted from the fruits of Olea europaea, which belongs to Oleaceae family. It helps to improve blood vessels elasticity. The Omega 3 fatty acid content of olive oil revitalizes skin and accelerates healing process.
The botanical name of White lupine is Lupinus albus and it belongs to Fabaceae family. It is used for piles treatment because of its strong skin healing property. The application of White lupine quickly heal piles wound and provides symptomatic relief.
This herb is also known as Vateria Indica and belongs to Dipterocarpaceae family. The bitter resin of this herb is useful to treat piles. The anti-inflammatory effect of this resin heal skin wound and provides piles associated symptomatic relief.
Mint or peppermint belongs to Lamiaceae family and scientifically known as Mentha Piperita. Mint oil extracted from leaves and flowers of this herb is widely used as a flavoring agent. But the local application of this oil helps the piles patients to get relief from anal pain and rectal itching.
Witch hazel or Hamamelis belongs to Hamamelidaceae family. This herb is used to formulae topical preparations to treat piles. Application of Witch hazel formulations helps to reduce pain, itching, and bleeding. The tannin oils of this herb have an anti-inflammatory effect and also reduces bleeding and are very effective to treat piles.
Usually, at the initial stage, piles patients are reluctant and ignorant which results in increasing the severity of the condition. Following are some cost-effective useful home remedies that helps to alleviate piles symptoms and prevent severity.