A plastic surgeon is a medical professional who specializes in reconstructing and improving physical appearances. They may also perform reconstructive surgery on patients who have had accidents or health problems that have caused them to need a prosthesis or another type of surgery.
To become a plastic surgeon, a person must first complete an undergraduate program. They must then attend medical school for four years and attend a residency program for another four years after that. Most doctors also study in a plastic surgeon program during their residency. Plastic surgeons who plan on practicing in sub-specialties will need to complete other residency programs that match the sub-specialty. Some choose to complete their education in one sub-specialty so they can work while still studying for other sub-specialties. Plastic surgeons must be licensed and certified to work in most states. They must pass the United States Medical Licensing Examination (USMLE) or Comprehensive Osteopathic Medical Licensing Exam (COMLEX). These tests are administered by the American Board of Plastic Surgery or the American Osteopathic Board of Surgery.
Plastic surgeons don’t treat illnesses, but they do treat injuries and defects. When someone is injured or suffers a deformity or problem caused by an illness, disease, or birth defect, the plastic surgeon can repair it. They treat a variety of different issues, including:
Plastic surgeons perform many different cosmetic and reconstructive procedures to help their clients improve their looks and help them function better. These can vary and include:
Most plastic surgeons are trained to perform many different procedures. Some may be more experienced or have more training in certain areas than others. These areas are called specialties. These specialties include:
Plastic surgeons focus on helping their patients improve their confidence so they can live normal lives. They handle each patient differently and perform the surgery that will best suit their needs. Some of the surgeries plastic surgeons perform include:
Most people choose to see a plastic surgeon when they need to have a procedure to help improve the way they look or to help them function more efficiently. Some common reasons to see a plastic surgeon include: