Impacted Tooth: Symptoms and Complications

Impacted Tooth: Symptoms and Complications | HealthSoul

Some people might experience difficulty in the eruption of teeth while developing a new set of permanent teeth. When this failure to erupt new teeth occurs from lack of space, they can get stuck beneath the gums and are said to be impacted.

All the molars are known to have a tendency towards impaction in certain individuals, but the commonest by far is the wisdom tooth. They say acquiring wisdom is painful and the same can be said about the wisdom teeth as this impaction frequently leads to pain from local pressure, infections, and inflammation. As the wisdom teeth erupt between the ages of 17 to 25, this is the most common age group to experience impaction. It is important to have regular dental check-ups to monitor for the normal growth of the teeth.

After all, prevention is better than cure when it comes to your dental health and overall healthcare. It is much better to go for regular checkups and notice issues early on so that there are more treatment options for you. Finding out late that you have an impacted tooth may result in more painful procedures and treatment in order to resolve the issue. More so, it is recommended that you do ample research and source for dentists like this reputable dentist in Thousand Oaks for your checkups and treatments. Reputable dentists will be able to give you better advice, and you won’t have to worry about them not giving you an accurate diagnosis for your dental health.

Symptoms of Impacted Tooth

An impacted tooth is often silent without any symptoms noted, but may also present with any of the following:

  • Pain in the jaw
  • Tooth ache
  • Swollen gums with redness
  • Bleeding of gums
  • Dental caries of the impacted tooth
  • Bad breath
  • Alignment problem in the teeth

Diagnosis of Impacted Tooth

The evaluation of a suspected impacted includes the following:

  • A complete dental examination, including examination of the head and jaw.
  • Imaging studies: A panoramic radiograph is an x ray of the upper and lower jaws which can show us all the teeth, their relation to the jaw and with each other. It can detect the impacted tooth.

Complications of Impacted Tooth

 An impacted tooth due to its abnormal position in the mouth can lead to the following complications:

  • Gingivitis or inflammation of the gums
  • Dental caries
  • Periodontitis or inflammation of the soft tissue around the teeth
  • Misalignment of the jaw

Treatment of Impacted Tooth

The best treatment would be to surgically remove the impacted tooth. A dentist can perform the extraction. After the assessment and identification of the impacted teeth, the dentist would numb your mouth using a spray with an additional numbing injection if required. The tooth is then pulled out painlessly. A cap or a filling may be created in place of the extracted tooth if needed.

Prognosis of Impacted Tooth

Once removed, there is no chance for further problems, although close monitoring of the remaining teeth that are yet to erupt is necessary to pick up impaction early.

References

  • van der Linden FP. Theoretical and practical aspects of crowding in the human dentition. J Am Dent Assoc. 1974 Jul;89(1):139–53.
  • Dodson TB, Susarla SM. Impacted wisdom teeth. BMJ Clin Evid. 2010 Apr 8;2010.