Coronavirus in India: Cases update and testing Sites

Coronavirus is a type of zoonotic virus and can affect both animals and human beings. In December 2019, the first Coronavirus outbreak was reported in Wuhan, China. Coronavirus (COVID-19) disease symptoms include fatigue, fever, general malaise, and dry cough. But apart from these general symptoms of coronavirus infection, other symptoms are individual patient-specific. Some Coronavirus affected patients have complaints of body ache, nasal congestion, sore throat, runny nose, and diarrhea. All these symptoms do not appear simultaneously, but at the initial stage, the mild symptoms appear, and gradually the condition become worsens.

According to the World Health Organization report, one patient out of every six COVID-19 affected people had experienced breathing difficulty and develop serious illness. The risk of COVID-19 causing serious illness is higher in the elderly population and people with co-morbidity, such as hypertension, cardiac disease, diabetes, etc. The risk of serious illness is low in children for some unknown reasons.

The disease has now spread to over 215 countries with 95,484,666 confirmed cases. As the disease is spreading the preventive measures are very important. According to WHO, one should follow preventive measures.

The most recent update on coronavirus cases in India

State Confirmed Cases Deaths Recovered Active Cases
 Total          10,572,672          152,456          10,210,697              205,109
Andaman & Nicobar Island                     4,983                    62                     4,896                        25
Andhra Pradesh                885,985               7,140                876,949                   1,896
Arunachal Pradesh                   16,808                    56                   16,694                        58
Assam                216,831               1,073                212,836                   2,922
Bihar                258,739               1,457                253,569                   3,713
Chandigarh                   20,537                  330                   19,978                      229
Chhattisgarh                293,501               3,558                283,111                   6,832
Delhi                632,429             10,746                619,139                   2,544
Dadra and Nagar Haveli and Daman and Diu                     3,374                       2                     3,331                        41
Goa                   52,405                  756                   50,771                      878
Gujarat                255,872               4,365                245,207                   6,300
Haryana                266,309               2,985                261,230                   2,094
Himachal Pradesh                   56,943                  954                   55,244                      745
Jharkhand                117,686               1,050                115,411                   1,225
Karnataka                931,997             12,166                911,232                   8,599
Kerala                847,849               3,464                775,176                69,209
Madhya Pradesh                251,578               3,753                241,426                   6,399
Maharashtra             1,990,759             50,438             1,886,469                53,852
Manipur                   28,856                  366                   28,147                      343
Meghalaya                   13,705                  144                   13,413                      148
Mizoram                     4,322                       9                     4,235                        78
Nagaland                   12,058                    88                   11,713                      257
Odisha                333,310               1,953                329,546                   1,811
Puducherry                   38,646                  642                   37,720                      284
Punjab                170,605               5,504                162,484                   2,617
Rajasthan                315,181               2,747                307,384                   5,050
Sikkim                     6,038                  130                     5,652                      256
Tamil Nadu                830,772             12,264                812,568                   5,940
Telangana                291,666               1,577                285,898                   4,191
Tripura                   33,326                  388                   32,874                        64
Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir                123,343               1,921                120,198                   1,224
Union Territory of Ladakh                     9,656                  128                     9,437                        91
Uttar Pradesh                596,528               8,576                579,071                   8,881
Uttarakhand                   94,803               1,611                   89,552                   3,640
West Bengal                565,272             10,053                548,136                   7,083

Death rate in certain groups | HealthSoulDeath rate with different cases | HealthSoul

  1. Avoid air travel unless an emergency.
  2. Avoid public gathering.
  3. Hand Washing using the correct 20-seconds technique.
  4. Use of hand Sanitizers
  5. Maintain a 1m or 3ft distance between yourself and a person who is sneezing or coughing.
  6. Stay home if you are not feeling well and contact your doctor.

WHO recommendations for people who have recently visited (last 14 days) or had exposure to areas where Coronavirus is spreading.

  1. If any symptoms of cough, headache, fever, runny nose: Self isolate by staying at home
  2. Avoid contact with others to reduce transmission.
  3. Use face masks if needed
  4. Call your doctor to inform about your symptoms and your travel/exposure. They can direct you to the testing facility.

Who should be tested for Coronavirus?

People who have respiratory symptoms like cough, fever and live in areas where Coronavirus cases has been detected. According to CDC, any person who has had close contact with a laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 patient within 14 days of symptom onset, or a history of travel from affected geographic areas(see below) within 14 days of symptom onset.

This is the list of testing sites in India for Coronavirus

52 Testing Sites for COVID-19

States
Viral Research & Diagnostic Laboratories
Andhra Pradesh Sri Venkateswara Institute of Medical Sciences, Tirupati
Andhra Medical College, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh
Government Medical College, Anantapur
Andaman & Nicobar islands Regional Medical Research Centre, Port Blair, Andaman and Nicobar
Assam Gauhati Medical College, Guwahati
Regional Medical Research Center, Dibrugarh
Bihar Rajendra Memorial Research Institute of Medical Sciences, Patna
Chandigarh Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh
Chhattisgarh All India Institute Medical Sciences, Raipur
Delhi-NCT All India Institute Medical Sciences, Delhi
National Centre for Disease Control, Delhi
Gujarat BJ Medical College, Ahmedabad
M.P.Shah Government Medical College, Jamnagar
Haryana Pt. B.D. Sharma Post Graduate Inst. of Med. Sciences, Rohtak, Haryana
BPS Govt Medical College, Sonipat
Himachal Pradesh Indira Gandhi Medical College, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh
Dr.Rajendra Prasad Govt. Med. College, Kangra, Tanda, HP
Jammu and Kashmir Sher‐e‐ Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar
Government Medical College, Jammu
Jharkhand MGM Medical College, Jamshedpur
Karnataka Bangalore Medical College & Research Institute, Bangalore
National Institute of Virology Field Unit Bangalore
Mysore Medical College & Research Institute, Mysore
Hassan Inst. of Med. Sciences, Hassan, Karnataka
Shimoga Inst. of Med. Sciences, Shivamogga, Karnataka
Kerala National Institute of Virology Field Unit, Kerala
Govt. Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala
Govt. Medical College, Kozhikode, Kerala
Madhya Pradesh All India Institute Medical Sciences, Bhopal
National Institute of Research in Tribal Health (NIRTH), Jabalpur
Meghalaya NEIGRI of Health and Medical Sciences, Shillong, Meghalaya
Maharashtra Indira Gandhi Government Medical College, Nagpur
Kasturba Hospital for Infectious Diseases, Mumbai
Manipur J N Inst. of Med. Sciences Hospital, Imphal‐East, Manipur
Odisha Regional Medical Research Center, Bhubaneswar
Puducherry Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education & Research, Puducherry
Punjab Government Medical College, Patiala, Punjab
Government Medical College, Amritsar
Rajasthan Sawai Man Singh, Jaipur
Dr. S.N Medical College, Jodhpur
Jhalawar Medical College, Jhalawar, Rajasthan
SP Med. College, Bikaner, Rajasthan
Tamil Nadu King’s Institute of Preventive Medicine & Research, Chennai
Government Medical College, Theni
Tripura Government Medical College, Agartala
Telangana Gandhi Medical College, Secunderabad
Uttar Pradesh King’s George Medical University, Lucknow
Institute of Medical Sciences, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh
Uttarakhand Government Medical College, Haldwani
West Bengal National Institute of Cholera and Enteric Diseases, Kolkata
IPGMER, Kolkata

What Specimen is needed for Coronavirus?

CDC recommends upper respiratory tract specimens (nasopharyngeal AND oropharyngeal swabs) for initial testing. CDC also recommends testing lower respiratory tract specimens, if available (especially patients on a ventilator). For patients who develop a productive cough, sputum should be collected.